The aim of this study is the investigation of the effects of topical application of Chamomile oil. This research will further extend towards the application of this oil for the treatment of various skin conditions. These include Psoriasis, Eczema, Atopic Dermatitis, Xerosis, Rosacea, Acne, Sunburn.
What is Chamomile?
The use of chamomile for its beneficial effect on treating several health conditions is common since many centuries. The plant chamomile belongs to the family of Asteraceae. The dried yellow flowers of the plants are a characteristic feature of it (1).
Chamomile Oil contains several active medicinal constituents. Such as terpenoids as well as flavonoids. The chamomile plant contains 0.24% to 1.9% of the volatile oil. Chamomile oil is the preferred essential oil for aromatherapy. Oil extracted from Roman Chamomile is widely popular in cosmetic preparations, as it softens and soothes the skin (1).
History of Chamomile Oil
Both varieties of chamomile oil are widely cultivated in different areas of Europe. Most popular countries include Hungary, France, Morocco, Germany, and Italy. Various indications prove that Chamomile is one of the oldest ancient oil known to mankind. Its use dates back to thousands of years. The very first mention of the chamomile oil is present in ancient Egypt. By then, it was popular for the treatment of fever (2).
The Egyptians believed it to be a gift from the Egyptian sun god. This is the reason that women of nobility utilized it for their skincare treatments. Not only the Egyptians, but the Anglo-Saxons also categorized it as one of the nine sacred herbs (2).
What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. In this disease, the patients observe plaques formation on the skin. These plaques have a scaly appearance. These usually appear in areas near the joint, lower back, or on the scalp. It usually occurs due to abnormality in the immune system. Certain medications help with the condition. However, prolonged use of these medicines has a higher side effect profile (3).
The effects of Chamomile oil vs psoriasis
Chamomile oil is one of the popular treatment options for chamomile oil. It consists of a variety of ingredients that are suitable for the treatment of psoriasis. This is further enhanced due to its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. Some of the active components particularly useful for this condition include
Sesquiterpene alcohol and hydrocarbons (4).
According to research, it was found that topical application of chamomile oil improved psoriatic plaques within four weeks of treatment (5).
The benefits of chamomile oil for psoriasis
The benefits of chamomile oil for psoriasis are as follows;
It helps in the treatment of plaque formation by making the skin smooth
The anti-inflammatory effect helps in reducing the redness on the skin
It forms a protective barrier on the skin that prevents irritation
Help to heal a wound
Symptoms of psoriasis aggravate due to stress. Chamomile oil helps to relieve stress from the body (4).
An inflammatory skin condition by the name of psoriasis affects many people around the world. This condition is treated symptomatically with medicines. However, long term use of medication always comes with several side effects. A topical application of chamomile oil is very beneficial for the treatment of psoriasis. Some people experience discomfort at the start of the application. If this persists, then discontinue and consult your doctor.
What is Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a skin condition that makes it red and itchy. This condition is prevalent in children. Regardless of this, it can occur at any age. Both of these conditions are chronic skin conditions that have a seasonal flare-up. Minor differences exist between both of these skin conditions. However, many use the terms synonymously. At present, there is no cure for the disease (6).
The effects of chamomile oil vs Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis
According to a review of the potential benefits of chamomile oil for eczema/atopic dermatitis, it was found that it is helpful for the treatment of this condition. This effect may be due to the presence of three major active constituents namely;
Additionally, chamomile oil also possesses anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve the symptoms of the disease (7).
The benefits of rosehip oil for Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis
Although this skin condition is incurable. But it is possible to manage the symptoms of this disease. Moreover, with the help of chamomile oil, you can even control the severity of the flare-ups. Chamomile oil has the following benefits for this condition;
Reducing the tendency to scratching and irritation
Alters the immune response. This way the severity of disease remains in control
Provides anti-inflammatory effect (7)
Management of eczema and atopic dermatitis becomes easy with the topical application of chamomile oil. It not only affects the disease by decreasing the immune response. Additionally, it also alleviates scratching and irritation due to the disease.
What is Dry Skin (Xerosis)?
Dry skin is one of the most common conditions of the skin. It is mostly seen throughout the body. The skin condition affects the epidermis, which is the uppermost layer of skin. In this condition, the skin does not retain any moisture or oils on the skin. This may cause irritation or itching on the body. Xerosis is the medical name for this condition (8).
The effects of chamomile oil vs Dry Skin (Xerosis)
The best treatment for a dry skin condition is the application of moisturizers that are available in the market. However, there re a few essential oils that help reduce the symptoms of the condition. Chamomile oil is one such essential oil. It consists of fatty acids in large amounts. These fatty acids work to keep the skin plump and moisturized. You can mix it with any other carrier oil to get an added effect (9).
Benefits of chamomile oil for Dry Skin (Xerosis)
Xerosis is a condition that can be easily managed with basic moisturizers. Some of the effects of chamomile oil are
It helps to regulate moisture
It helps to serve as a barrier to the skin; this way, the moisture remains intact.
It helps to repair and regenerate the skin that helps to get rid of the dead cells and replace them with new (10)
Dry skin or xerosis is a skin condition wherein the skin fails to retain the moisture. In severe cases, it may cause scarring and irritation. The best way to manage this condition is by moisturizing it. You can use chamomile oil as a moisturizer. Furthermore, you can even add carrier oil or aloe vera gel to get added benefits.
What is Rosacea?
The redness of the skin is very common. Little do people know that it actually a skin condition. This condition also causes small blood vessels to appear on the face. In some cases, the patient even gets small pus-filled bumps on their face. It is most common in middle-aged women with skin. Currently, there is no cure for this condition. Management of rosacea is possible with the help of some herbal or allopathic medications. Hereditary and environmental factors are two underlying causes for this disease (11).
The effects of chamomile oil vs Rosacea
Chamomile is in the list of herbal remedies of the rosacea. This is because of the moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic properties of the oil (12). This anti-inflammatory effect of chamomile oil is due to bisabolol. On the other hand, azulene helps to reduce the reddening of the skin (13).
The benefits of chamomile oil for Rosacea
Chamomile oil helps to control all of the symptoms of rosacea;
It helps to control the inflammation of the skin
It helps to control the redness of the skin
It provides antiseptic properties on the skin that helps reduce the red bumps (13).
Chamomile oil is a versatile essential oil. The symptoms of rosacea are difficult to manage without the right ingredients. However, the topical application of chamomile oil may be the answer. It helps treat various symptoms of the disease. This way, you can manage all of its symptoms.
What is Acne
Acne is an inflammatory skin condition. It is most common in teenagers. This condition usually occurs due to blockage of skin pores. The symptoms of the disease include large red pimples of the skin. Sometimes, these pimples are filled with pus. There are multifactorial causes of acne. Some of the most common causes include hormonal changes, bacterial infection, or oily skin (14).
The effects of Chamomile oil vs Acne
Chamomile oil is full of active components that help in the management of acne. With the help of chamomile oil, we can get an antioxidant effect. This is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes that are present in the oil. Furthermore, with the help of alpha-bisabolol, luteolin, and quercetin, we can get antimicrobial benefits (15).
The benefits of chamomile oil for Acne
Chamomile oil is helpful for acne in the following ways;
It helps to get rid of bacteria that contaminate the skin and cause the formation of pimples.
Helps to get rid of toxins from the body due to the antioxidant effect
It provides a skin protective effect, which means that it protects the skin from any foreign particle (15).
Acne most commonly affects teenagers who are going through body changes. The only possible solution to this condition includes antimicrobial. But there is a chance of development of resistance with these medicines. Therefore, a natural alternative in the form of chamomile oil is always better.
What is Sunburn (Solar Erythema)
Sunburn is the common name for solar erythema. It is a term that defines redness and inflammation of the skin after exposure to sun rays. The severity of this disease can be between mild to severe. It depends on the extent of exposure to the sun. In severe cases, blisters may appear on the skin (16).
The effects of chamomile oil vs Sunburn
We are well aware of the soothing effects that chamomile oil has on the skin. It helps to soothe the skin with the help of its anti-inflammatory effect. You can either apply it directly or add a few drops to your cold bath. It will help you relieve some of the redness from the sunburn (17).
The benefits of chamomile oil for Sunburn
A topical application of Chamomile oil will help in the management of sunburn in the following ways
It helps to reduce inflammation. This is not just a topical effect, but it helps to reduce the overall inflammatory response of the body.
It helps to reduce the effect of UV rays on the DNA. This way, it somewhat prevents the dangerous effects the sun has on the skin cells (18).
Sunburn is a common skin condition that affects most of us. If you wish to get rid of the painful effects of sunburn, then you should make use of this essential oil.
Natalie Joy's skincare products that contain the amazing Chamomile Oil include...