This study aims to investigate the benefits, and claimed benefits of topically applied Rosehip seed Oil for different skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, Dermatitis, Dry Skin, Rosacea, Vitiligo, Acne, and Cellulitis.
The botanical name for rosehip seed oil is Rosa Canina Fruit. This oil comes from the small fruit seeds which are left behind once the flowers bloom and lose their petals. The smell of rosehip oil is woody. It does not contain any rose fragrance, which you expect most of the time form rose products. The appearance of rosehip oil shows deep golden to red-orange color. It can also range to light-yellow color. Rosehip oil is a dry oil. This oil does not have a greasy feel, so it makes it light to wear and easy to use (1).
There are pieces of evidence of rosehip oil used in ancient Chinese medicine and Native American's history. They were using this oil for treating the weakness of the stomach and muscle cramping.
In world war II, rosehip oil was beneficial to keep the colds and coughs away as a potent alternative to citrus fruits and supplements. Rosehip oil contains more than 60 percent of the citrus content in comparison to citrus fruits. In the year 1980, rosehip oil had proper uses for sensitive skin and different skin conditions treatments. Rosehip oil can minimize the body scarring, wrinkles, tone, and color of the skin. It makes the body more hydrated and gives a smoother appearance to the skin (2).
Psoriasis is a skin condition that makes the body to produce new skin cells in just some days instead of weeks. As soon as these new cells start to pile up on the skin surface, they appear to be scaly and thick patches. It is the most common form of skin psoriasis. This type of psoriasis can affect about 80 to 90 percent of the population (3).
Rosehip oil is the most suitable treatment for psoriasis.
The components of rosehip oil are:
Fatty acids (omega 3, omega 6 and omega 9)
According to researches, there is no side-effect related to the use of rosehip oil for skin conditions.
These components have a positive effect on the skin of the individual. Vitamin C improves skin texture. Antioxidants improve the skin structure, and fatty acids provide the essential nutrients to the skin (4).
Rosehip oil benefits the skin suffering from psoriasis by:
Providing a quick relief from itching and irritation
Providing the maximum effect and outcomes after the application of oil to the affected part, twice a day reducing skin inflammation, (4).
Psoriasis is a skin condition leading to thick and scaly patches, which cause irritation and dryness of the skin. Rosehip oil is a topical ointment for the treatment of psoriasis. You must use it in an optimal dose because an overdose can lead to some adverse reactions to the skin.
Eczema is a condition in which skin patches become red, inflamed, rough, cracked, and itchy. Sometimes, blisters can also occur. Different eczema types and stages can affect about 31.6 percent population only in the United States. (5).
According to IJMSTS (International Journal of Molecular Sciences Trusted Source), cold pressing of rosehip oil doesn't involve heating or chemicals which do not change the composition of the oil.
Rosehip oil provides positive effects to the skin due to its properties of containing unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants. It has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities, which give an effect of smoothness and elasticity to the skin (6).
The most common type of eczema is Atopic dermatitis. Currently, this condition is incurable, but you can manage its symptoms.
The benefits which rosehip oil provides are:
Reduction in skin itchiness
Reduction in swelling, inflammation, and redness
Reduction in weeping or crusting from the skin rash
Reduction in scaly, rough, and dry skin (6)
Eczema and atopic dermatitis can damage the skin, which is manageable with the use of rosehip oil. This oil reduces skin itchiness, scaling, dryness, rash, roughness, and oozing from the skin.
“Exoderma or Dry skin is a skin condition in which cracking, itching, and scaling are the main culprits. Dry skin can occur due to multiple reasons. In some cases, dry skin can be a natural factor. But even in other cases, you can develop skin dryness with time. Any part of the body can equally suffer from skin dryness (but) it commonly affects hands, arms, and legs” (7).
For the treatment of dry skin, rosehip oil is the best oil. It contains cellular building blocks gamma-linolenic, linoleic, palmitic, particularly oleic essential fatty acids, Vitamins A, C and E, and antioxidants.
Ati inflammatory qualities of rosehip oil can calm down the skin redness and reduce the flare-ups or hyperpigmentation of the skin. Rosehip oil can also act as a natural agent for moisturizing the skin, which cuts off the skin dryness (8).
The benefits of rosehip oil for skin dryness are:
Regulation of moisturization
Repairing system for skin layers as the epidermis
Well-conditioning of the skin, giving it a healthier appearance (8)
Dry skin or exoderma is the most irritating skin condition. Rosehip oil can act as a natural moisturizer, which can replenish the body hydration and revitalize the skin.
Rosacea is the most prevalent skin condition, which can cause redness all over the skin, cheeks, nose, and forehead. With time, it can worsen in intensity leading to a red-like appearance of the skin. In severe cases, the blood vessels underneath the skin can become visible (9).
Rosehip oil has different qualities, which can induce a positive effect on the skin and skin conditions as rosacea. Rosacea is an inflammatory condition that causes pimples over the face and other body parts. Rosehip oil can reduce this inflammation, and its anti-septic quality can prevent the condition from reoccurring (10).
The benefits of rosehip oil for rosacea are:
The brighter appearance of the skin
Anti-microbial or anti-septic benefits for the skin
More elasticity in the skin
Fewer damages to the skin through the sun or UV light exposure
Rosacea is an inflammatory condition that is preventable with the use of rosehip oil. This oil has strong antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory qualities, which can combat the conditions.
Vitiligo is a depigmenting disorder in which the loss of functioning melanocytes causes the appearance of white patches on the skin (11).
There is no cure for vitiligo with topical treatments. But, with the use of natural oils and extracts, you can enhance your skin appearance and texture. Rosehip oil can enhance the features of your skin and make it look more presentable.
There is no direct effect of rosehip oil on skin suffering from melanocyte pigmentation. However, rosehip oil can allow the skin to look more attractive, glowy, smooth, and wrinkle-free. In vitiligo, the patient’s skin is more prone to UV exposure or sun damage. So, in such cases, rosehip oil can provide extra protection to the skin.
Vitiligo is a unique skin condition in which pigment forming cells of skin tend to decline in the number giving white patches to the skin. Until now, there is no absolute treatment for vitiligo, but if you use rosehip oil, it can help to enhance the texture and appearance of the skin. This regimen can help the skin to replenish its lost nutrients and rejuvenate.
When the hair follicles get plugged with dead cells of skin and sebum from sebaceous glands, acne occurs. Acne is a condition in which skin appears to have blackheads, pimples, whiteheads, and scars over your forehead, cheeks, face, shoulders, and even at the back. It can affect the population of any age (12).
The effects of rosehip oil on skin are:
Improvement of the skin tone
Reduction in the scars
Removal of facial wounds and blemishes
Rosehip oil is effective for several skin conditions, but acne is the most preventable condition of the skin (13).
Rosehip oil can help to:
Remove bacteria causing acne
Can remove the concentration and reduce the production of sebum
Regenerate the skin collagen cells
Rosehip oil the super healer for the skin (13).
Acne is the common condition of skin among the population of any age and gender. Acne is most effectively preventable with the use of rosehip oil.
Bacterial infection of subcutaneous skin tissues is referred to as Cellulitis. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus and staphylococcus aureus are the main culprits for infection. These microorganisms can invade healthy skin and start to spread inside the layers of the skin leading to a skin infection (14).
Antimicrobial properties of the rosehip oil can produce a positive effect on the skin (15).
The benefits of rosehip oil are:
The benefits of rosehip oil for Cellulitis Inflammation and infection control
Improvement in the healing of the skin
Improved texture of the skin
Cellulitis is a skin condition, which occurs due to microbial activity. The anti-microbial quality of rosehip oil can help to reduce this activity.
3. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/psoriasis/what/overview Menter A, Gottlieb A, et al. “Guidelines of care for the management of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, Section 1: Overview of psoriasis and guidelines of care for the treatment of psoriasis with biologics.” J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008; 58:826-50.
5. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/14417 What's to know about eczema? Medically reviewed by Justin Choi, MD on November 14, 2017 — Written by James McIntosh
7. https://www.healthline.com/health/dry-skin Written by Kristeen Moore - Medically reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN on May 10, 2018
11. https://journals.lww.com/jewds/Fulltext/2012/05000/Cyclooxygenase_2_and_prostaglandin_E2_in_vitiligo.5.aspx Whitton ME, Ashcroft DM, González U. Therapeutic interventions for vitiligo. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;59:713–